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How Cell Towers Work: Hands-On!

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Fun fact: when I was selling mobile phones back in 2004, I would spend the store's slow days taking online training courses reserved for my employer's engineers, fascinated by the networks that made mobile phones work. Twelve years (and a change of career) later, my network curiosity still burned strong. So I asked AT&T to let me go hands-on with a cell site – and to my great surprise, the carrier said yes! Come along as I scope out not one, but two cell sites: one hidden in the steeple of a church, the other perched high atop the tallest mountain in the Northeast. In the process we'll learn about RF energy, what happens when the power goes out, and why the term "tower" isn't always accurate. [SUBSCRIBE] https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCSOpcUkE-is7u7c4AkLgqTw?sub_confirmation=1 [ABOUT THIS VIDEO] MrMobile's Tower Tour was produced based on a pitch by MrMobile to AT&T in the Spring of 2016. To make this video possible, AT&T provided access to two cell sites and several network engineering personnel. AT&T also reviewed MrMobile's final script for technical accuracy, but no editorial changes were made as a result of the company's input. Travel expenses were entirely paid by MrMobile/Mobile Nations, and there was no consideration paid to MrMobile by AT&T for the production of this video. [FURTHER READING] AT&T Network videos [YouTube]: https://www.youtube.com/user/ShareATT/search?query=network This Is How AT&T Covers 19,000 People Under One Roof [Pocketnow]: http://pocketnow.com/2012/05/21/this-is-how-att-covers-19000-people-under-one-roof AT&T Disaster Recovery Team [Pocketnow]: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bJILzLhdCmU Inverse Square Law [HyperPhysics]: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/hframe.html Mount Washington History: https://blog.nhstateparks.org/mount-washington-state-park-blog-post-friday-january-13th-2012/ Mount Washington New Lowest-Temperature Record: https://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2017/12/28/washington-summit-breaks-daily-record-low-temperature-wind-chill-reaches-minus-degrees/iste1AC0wDUnrOcmpujUtI/story.html [MUSIC] “Sensational” by Cymatix, available at Premium Beat: https://www.premiumbeat.com/royalty_free_music/songs/sensational “Green Fever” by Flash Fluharty, available at Premium Beat: https://www.premiumbeat.com/royalty_free_music/songs/green-fever [SOCIALIZE] http://facebook.com/themrmobile http://instagram.com/themrmobile http://twitter.com/themrmobile https://www.snapchat.com/add/mrmobilesnaps http://mrmobile.tech [DISCLOSURE] This post may contain affiliate links. See Mobile Nations' disclosure policy for more details: http://www.mobilenations.com/external-links
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Text Comments (1065)
Hacked Gamer (3 days ago)
That's wrong to have it on a church and your not safe under it your actually more in danger the closer you are.
David Motyka (3 days ago)
Can’t satellites eliminate the need for cell towers?
Mark Gerhard (10 days ago)
Um...the phone signal doesn't go through wi-fi at any point.
Lewis Stephen M (24 days ago)
Go I to the church to say prayer come out looking like a zombie from the huge cell mutations. Size of the cables OMG
Michael Powell (27 days ago)
I wonder how many connections the Mt Washington tower handles? Guessing it's more about coverage?
Pharmer David (1 month ago)
EMF non-ionizing radiation sickens and kills!! Get rid of everything wireless, and tear down, or repurpose the microwave weapons towers, soon to be millimeter wave weapons towers...........!
HopDoneLiftWright (1 month ago)
I don't even bring phones with SIM cards and if i do, I don't even use them xD
Jason Santoro (1 month ago)
Nothing in this video showed how they work. Only a tour of two cell towers and that they have to be high to work.
Nyck461 (1 month ago)
Very good video with a lot of information. I really like all information given on this video. Keep adding more videos like this.
Mushi John shrooms (1 month ago)
Thank you for the tour my father created the tree of knowledge (cell towers) we all take bytes of information from our apple devices.. Andrew Johnson invented the first 6 bit binary codex\c multiplexed over dual band r/f with extended celll area implemented as the foundational packet switching router from 2g gsm supplier too 690+ networks globally
daniel worrell (1 month ago)
Why do we need cell towers if there is satellites in space ?
Team kodi Latino (1 month ago)
Great... 👍 job well informed.... Thanks... 👌
david Jones (1 month ago)
Wait till they start cutting down trees to accommodate the small cells everywhere.
Mark Metzler (1 month ago)
B*llshit!! If the 'inverse square law' works the way you say it does [...yes...it does!...].....and the signal is as weak as you say it is, when received by humans[....no.....it is not!.....], then your cell phone would never receive a full signal. In other words....the church residents are many times closer to the signal, than most cell phone users who receive that signal...because the signal is many times stronger. As an engineer, myself....I hate it when uneducated fools, get up, and spin engineering science, in a way they are not qualified to do....resulting in non-scientific fairy tales!
peachees (1 month ago)
What happens if the towers were turned on and directed at a living person? You never explored that. Also, when 5G is rolled out, requiring even more towers, what is the effect on ppl near these towers? Growing number of ppl are sensitive to EMF radiation to the point where they have to shield their homes after being next to a cell antenna. I get your job requires you to hype phone industry but at what point does a rep says "enough is enough." Cell industry lobbies harder than pharma to hide their harmful effects on ppl, many get EMF sensitivity and some get cancer. 5g potentially can make things far worse. We know EMF has an affect on plants and animals and cells. You cannot discount that just to get a paycheck.
ConspiraOrg EastGhostCom (2 months ago)
The people in the nearby houses, there is now a heightened cluster of "inexplicable" cancers, ringing ears, insonmnia, migraine headaches, general malaise, and other maladies. According to the military documents, 100% of people exposed to cell phone radiation suffer one or all of these afflictions. See toxi(.)com / esmog
ENI (2 months ago)
Satellite 🛰? Were dose it play the role?
Rick Flare (2 months ago)
Earth is flat satellites are fake
Crazy Riders (2 months ago)
I am working on a cell site for at&t right now climb site 70 feet up
Reflection on the Sea (2 months ago)
Michael - nice presentations and production.. I would encourage you to look at the science of microwave exposure. This is a very serious risk and 5G is a danger to all biology. I say this sincerely - I have researched this area extensively and we need the young to start looking at this... You are aware that your agreement with the phone company states you are not to put the phone to your ear? This site is a good start : https://www.emfscientist.org/. If you don't want cancer then minimize your exposure to emf radiation.. However - no one will be safe with 5G.
AcidGlow (2 months ago)
*I saw videos where some cell towers across america have really high radio waves and are major health concerns...* ✅😕
Richard Johnson (2 months ago)
2:13 - Antenna sharing with CDMA operators?
Samuel Estrada (2 months ago)
i dont have that courage to go all the way up to mount Washington
Boy Trent (2 months ago)
mr mobile? huh? interesting.........
Boy Trent (2 months ago)
did you interview the huge numbers of people now sick or dying from multiple associated illnesses from living near or working close to mobile/cell phone towers? no? strange....as many engineers have contacted me about sickness and related deaths. Many wishing to be anonymous. Not to mention the residential areas and the huge numbers of people who will and have developed brain cancer and neurological disorders. Think this technology is benign and friendly ? think again. It could have been made safer but "they" chose to use weaponized frequencies of 2.4gh/mhz & incoming 5G 60m/ghz. The most dangerous of all. Of course - no long term studies have been done (although they have been done secretly) - you'll never know the results of those studies on microwave pulsed frequency radiation effects on human health. Don't believe me? Good !!!! Listen to experts: such as Dr.Barry Trower who has been interviewed and his interviews are easily found on youtuble. If you have kids - you are going to want to hear what he has to say. Buckle up. It's time to face reality and that corporate & government interests see YOU and your kids as a problem. Not their kids of course. Share this information. If you still have the capacity for independent thought & empathy towards others.
Ebenezer Kalarama (2 months ago)
@Boy Trent: " _did you interview the huge numbers of people now sick or dying from multiple associated illnesses from living near or working close to mobile/cell phone towers_ " Anyone "sick" from that has been having psychosomatic/anxiety issues forever. I've had microwave motion sensors in my homes for years [That was my security business we owned]. Never a peep about those sensors causing health issues, since the 1970s. No mention of it online, anywhere/anytime. http://www.microwave-museum.org/exhibits/mwm0008.htm
STEVEN B JOYNER (2 months ago)
I'm ready to die
đeri662 (2 months ago)
+Meti I would expect much more knowledge from a graduate student. Speaking from an electrical engineer's perspective.
Meti (2 months ago)
+đeri662 An electrical and electronic engineer graduate! GOODBYE
đeri662 (2 months ago)
+Meti I suggest you stop writting comments because you clearly know nothing about this issue. Even if we had trillions of 5G towers, you couldn't conclude there will be higher radiation around us.
Meti (2 months ago)
Tell me about it.. specially with the roll out of the 5G towers each within 500 meters of each other for each network....
Matthew David (2 months ago)
Good Explanation with Geometric Systematical sequences of a Cell Towers engineering feature on the cell Antenna system. 1
Matthew David (2 months ago)
Good Explanation with Geometric Systematical sequences of Cell Towers engineering feature on the cell Antenna system.
StarRift (3 months ago)
The church steeple setup is a Verizon install leased out to AT&T. Surprised they could get the authorization to let you up there!
Richard Johnson (3 months ago)
Educational & awesome video about telecom
David Granberry (3 months ago)
Question not a comment. Mr Mobile I'm curious about the difference between the steeple and silo type tower antennas and the smaller tri-antennas[back haul] you talked about in your video. Aside the land line connections are there any other differences between the two?
sotododadey (3 months ago)
Michael Fisher neglected to go into the many real dangers of cell towers. Not very good reporting. WiFi IS NOT safe!!
đeri662 (2 months ago)
Why isn't it safe? You receive higher radiation doses just by turning your lamp on than from your Wifi.
Richard Garcia (3 months ago)
sotododadey then how did you post this without WiFi or cell data
tyler durden (3 months ago)
fk the mobile industry. they are about to fry us all with this stupid 5G technology. turns out the Amish live longer than us anyway, and they don't have all this needless overhead.
John Baart (3 months ago)
So satellites are most likely a scam....?
Jackie long (3 months ago)
Beware folks of the 5G towers. Their purpose is not to give faster/better cell phone service. They are weapons of war, put out by globalists who have an evil “agenda” for you. Better research. A good place to start is emfscientist.org. BTW, AT&T is not your friend.
Glen Akrigg (2 months ago)
+Meti a needle or pin or nail pushed through the skin of the radar i heard will do the job FUCK 5G
Meti (2 months ago)
I want to go around my house destroying as many as I can find. But how do I do it? I'm in UK btw...we dont have firearms herr
Meti (2 months ago)
How do I destroy a tower? Can u please tell me
Meti (2 months ago)
I agree with u 1000000 percent. U are real man. Thanks for sharing the truth!!!
Richard Garcia (3 months ago)
Jackie long nO wAy
joy mukherji (3 months ago)
Wow video
williamsshane021 (3 months ago)
I have seen water tower and old buildings across USA as cell towers.. water towers are in Kentucky and West Virginia and east coast
Nikki black (3 months ago)
are you kidding me dude none of this shit is safe all technology is dangerous mentally and physically
Meti (2 months ago)
Bro can u help me. I want to go around my house destroying each and every tower I can find. Ive downloaded this app that shows me the locations of each but the problem is each network has their own tower. And theres soo many of themm.... how do I destroy them bro? Please help me... im in the uk btw
এ কে আজাদ (3 months ago)
Can you help me
sajan sj (3 months ago)
Is mobile radiation harmful to us.
Meti (2 months ago)
Richard Garcia (3 months ago)
Jay (3 months ago)
And the AT&T technicians glow in the dark.
TheEgg185 (3 months ago)
Tell me about the dangers of being too close to the transmitter. What strict safety guidelines do the gentlemen adhere to? You left out so much important info.
Meti (24 days ago)
+Travis Alsop i hear you man. Do you feel any different from when they installed that thing? Mood swings or anything else? Also what type of antenna is it? A macrocell? You can google it to find out if you are not sure. Also is the tower pointing towards where you sleep? Thanks
Travis Alsop (24 days ago)
@TheEgg185 I can attest to the fact this is not a conspiracy theory of you waking up next to a cell tower in your backyard. I did. I got one about 25 ft from where i sleep, installed at the beginning of 2018. I don't even gamble with money. I don't buy lotto tickets or even do any real high risk behavior. To say i am not interested in gambling with my health because of greed from my property owner would be a absolute understatement. God help us all.
Meti (2 months ago)
Bro can u help me. I want to go around my house destroying each and every tower I can find. Ive downloaded this app that shows me the locations of each but the problem is each network has their own tower. And theres soo many of themm.... how do I destroy them bro? Please help me... im in the uk btw
Colmen Tse (3 months ago)
Thanks for the video learned a lot
Karicat Watts (3 months ago)
That was very interesting. You have a perfect voice to teach boring subjects. I could word that better but u understand. Nice video. Thanks!
Klinsmann Hotspur (4 months ago)
Very good video
Servant of the Earth (4 months ago)
Little did you know it- YOU'RE KILLING EVERYONE SLOWLY WITH THIS GARBAGE! Wait till 5g comes out. A week ago they did a test in the Netherlands at a park and 297 birds died and fell from the sky literally just after the test began. This shit is bad and is making everyone anxious, miserable, and confused.
Meti (2 months ago)
Bro can u help me. I want to go around my house destroying each and every tower I can find. Ive downloaded this app that shows me the locations of each but the problem is each network has their own tower. And theres soo many of themm.... how do I destroy them bro? Please help me... im in the uk btw
atc2where (4 months ago)
Microwave Sickness
Meti (2 months ago)
Bro can u help me. I want to go around my house destroying each and every tower I can find. Ive downloaded this app that shows me the locations of each but the problem is each network has their own tower. And theres soo many of themm.... how do I destroy them bro? Please help me... im in the uk btw
Richard Garcia (3 months ago)
Justin W. (4 months ago)
Thank you for the video :) Do you have any resources that might help with identifying what kind of band different towers use? I don't mean like using cellmapper to find out the cells and bands, but more along the lines of how they look physically.
Cielo y cirros (4 months ago)
1:58 It is no magic, its science! xD
Elites Engineering (4 months ago)
I really wanted to see a speed test right up there near the equipment in the church.
StringerNews1 (4 months ago)
A few points: 1. The mountaintop tower described as a "cell tower" at the beginning of the video is used for many things, just not cell sites. 2. A structure with rooms is not a tower. The person making this video needs to learn the meaning of words. If the structure is primarily to accommodate people, it's a building. If it's primarily to raise equipment above terrain it's a tower. 3. Whatever the "oil rig effect" might be, it's not a term used by people who talk about RF energy. 4. Inverse square law would not protect building occupants from harmful RF levels. Antenna directivity would. 5. Radomes are also not towers. 6. Those are not waveguides, they are rigid coaxial cables. 7. After claiming that all cellular backhaul is now "all fiber" you had to admit that that wasn't quite true, but then claimed that the first exception was the only one. In truth there are many places where it's more economical to use microwave, for a variety of reasons. 8. LTE has nothing to do with fiber vs. microwave. 9. You still have not climbed a cell tower. I'll give you half a point for calling the old TV mast a mast once, but only half because you also called it a tower.
Soud Ousman (4 months ago)
Great presentation Mr Mobile guy
Jam Bos (4 months ago)
People in the church are safe because of the inverse square law? Did you calculate the wattage hitting each person?
Justice Forall (4 months ago)
So cool!
Ronald Strode (4 months ago)
How Does the sprint magic box work?
darold zink (4 months ago)
5 g = cancer
Minister straker (4 months ago)
Help us Prove that the Earth is not SPINNING
Minister straker (4 months ago)
Spirit in the Sky (4 months ago)
Ok douchebag liar. Omg. No its bc we are going to 5g, 60 ghz. Shutup
Spirit in the Sky (4 months ago)
Nothing nefarious???? Oh. Thats why they hide it in a steeple. Safe??? HAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHAHA!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
lincoln andriani (4 months ago)
i wondered what having the cell phone tower job would be like
E Jones (4 months ago)
There are no satellites in space!!
E Jones (2 months ago)
+Landynplayz that doesn't require a satellite in outerspace it would take too long to broadcast and tv works just fine with land base equipment
Landynplayz (2 months ago)
+E Jones Well satellite TV works like this: The TV show is produced at the studio, gets filmed by the camera, then goes thru some AV equipment and some other equipment that adds data on for Closed Caption and for the TV guide. from there it's sent to a transmitter via microwave and the transmitter beams it to a satellite which then relays it to the end user some thousand miles away. if satellite was land based, why would the dish be aimed at the sky? lmao you must be actually retarded
E Jones (2 months ago)
+Landynplayz satellites tv are actually land base look it up Btw the hubble telescope is a hoax its just a Rtist rendering no real photos of the hubble telescope
Landynplayz (2 months ago)
+E Jones well you can't prove they don't exist because they do exist. Satellite television. Space telescopes. Probes. Amateur radio satellites.
E Jones (2 months ago)
+Landynplayz how to prove satellites don't exist?
rrrglynn (4 months ago)
AT&T actually has cell towers? Based off the coverage you wouldn’t know it.
Juan Garcia (4 months ago)
Cancer in 10 year not good
Radiation Refugee (4 months ago)
I hope those that help facilitate the installation of cell towers and smart meters etc die a painful death from brain cancer, the way my mother did.
Ding Chavez (4 months ago)
for you to say that radio waves do nothing to harm peoples health is just retarded. we dont know enough yet to even say that.
Paul newcombe (4 months ago)
skater4life2360 (4 months ago)
tv, phone, laptop screens have cameras inside them; check it out US patent# US20060007222A1 . also cell towers are more than 10x the limit for human exposure at the current time... cant wait for 5g, which is orders of magnitude worse. ty
Brian Dill (4 months ago)
Awesome behind the scenes video. Thanks. Who thumbed down this video? Some people suck.
StringerNews1 (4 months ago)
Misinformation sucks. That's why I'm going to give the video a thumbs-down.
Jomarcenter Media (4 months ago)
that church has the best reception than my own home.
Paul Z (4 months ago)
nice video ,i knew that cell towers used lan lines to communicate voice and data to other cell sites but its amazing how many people think there phones are satilite linked to make calls and use the net. I always try to explain its radio repeater sites connected to a phone network and some get and some dont. Maybe you could ask ATnT to sbow you more on the fiberoptics network and how cells sites communicate with each otber
Savage Scientist (4 months ago)
Woha Best informative video, I call my self a savage scientist but you really proved to be a savage researcher.
Millan Doobay (4 months ago)
So these are the satellite in space. Now you have to show the cables on the sea floor, we need more space expedition like you man. At least you are not an actornot.
Kris W (5 months ago)
do some research about true safety of being that close to cell phone towers while they are powered up... and what the effects of the specific cellular wavelengths actually have on human tissue, water molecules and even oxygen depending on the frequencies -
Amuthan (5 months ago)
It explanation everything except how cell tower works😎
Mark Arca (5 months ago)
The backhaul can be a landline (xDSL), fiber to the premises (FTTx), satellite (VSAT or BGAN), or an RF link (licensed microwave or ISM bands (2.4 GHz and 5 GHz) using TDMA technology (some manufacturers of long-range backhaul radios [such as Ubiquiti Networks' AirFiber and AirFiber X] incorporate TDMA [time-division multiple-access] technology].
Mark Arca (5 months ago)
5:59 - The fiberglass structrure covering the backhaul antenna (called a RADOME) was broke down by strong winds.
James Poole (5 months ago)
It should say, How Cell Towers KILL!
đeri662 (4 months ago)
Yes, almost all of the population where you can get a signal is dead. That's why we built them, to destroy human race. Stop believing in conspiracy theories.
Justice Keyes (5 months ago)
16* weaker on the ground for cell service it's quite strong when the street Frequencies hit pedestrians and animals. it feels like an electric shock!
Joe Davenport (5 months ago)
That's not a not a cell tower in the opening shot, it's a communications tower on top of Mt. Hollywood California. Cell towers are not put on mountain tops the idea is to limit the range. Still it's a cool shot, I think I can see my house... Awesome Video Thanks!
forbenefitofworld (5 months ago)
i wish to know the direction of microwaves from cell towers and the need to keep away, though it looks impossible in urban world. thanks for video.
TheAsianRusher (5 months ago)
They fry us like microwaves
đeri662 (2 months ago)
+Meti The joke here is you attributing diseases, such as infertility to a extremely low-powered non-ionising radiation. You are exposed to a lot higher rates of radiation just by turning on your lamp.
Meti (2 months ago)
U see.. the untrained people make joke until their grandkids are mostly infertile and full of deseases
đeri662 (4 months ago)
O really? A few hundred microwatts/m^2 is going to fry us? Inside a microwave oven there is let's say 1000 W of radiation power on 0.1 m^2 of space area, you do the math.
John Oman (5 months ago)
Bucolic. TY for the new word.
Ahtisham Mughal (5 months ago)
Mr Mobo.... Hatts for such unique Vlog, u may hv visit ISP once too.
karen l Smith (5 months ago)
safe safe safe
Daniel Williams (5 months ago)
Great video. I’m a tower climber and I install these networks. I will be sending this to a lot of new guys to get a basic understanding. Good job! Better than I could have done myself!
Meti (2 months ago)
Do some research on the health risks
UtwoBed (5 months ago)
I have lived a healthy lifestyle, no smoking or drinking, eat right, etc. For 20 years I have lived two blocks from a cell tower with six clusters of antennas. Now they tell me I have Leukemia and I am going to die. No one will ever convince me that the radiation from that tower is not responsible for my Leukemia. And now they want to install this new more powerful radiation we will be exposed to from 5G systems. When are people going to become a priority over technology? Cancer in men is already at 1 in 2, will anyone act before everyone is sick and dying?
Landynplayz (2 months ago)
If it was unsafe, it wouldn't be in operation. the conspiracy theorists (like you) just piss me off.
Linda Anderson (5 months ago)
So there's a new cell tower in the pasture behind me I hate it!!!! What I really want to know is it supposed to have lights there's none that I can see not at night either what if a plane hits it?
Alex Simonson (5 months ago)
Linda Anderson if the tower is less then 200ft it’s not required to have tower lighting.
Atlas WalkedAway (5 months ago)
Almost useless? No, all my phones are veritable treasure mines of digital tools.
krazor8 (5 months ago)
So.. Its basically like a wifi router with a huge antenna.. Lmfao
East Ghost (5 months ago)
As usual, not a single word about the biologically toxic nature of microwave radiation. toxi.com/esmog
Digitaldeath 187 (5 months ago)
It is nefarious that type gauge wire is not needed just for broadcasting
John Graf (5 months ago)
Mr Mobile.....you are not telling the truth at all. Done watching your BS video.
Landynplayz (2 months ago)
oh great another person that is freaking out over a 100W cell transceiver... (which is nothing considering some AM broadcast stations use 50 kW)
rita wright (5 months ago)
Why?..What you know...please tell
John Graf (5 months ago)
Pure BS propaganda...they are not dangerous? The criminals know it and lie...much like the millions of dollars they spent on trying to make people believe we are seeing contrails in the sky....BULLSHIT!
slayne2 (6 months ago)
How big are the antennas? The white bars.
DJMinor5000 (6 months ago)
It’s mind boggling how much expense and effort goes into cellular equipment. Why can’t all the major carriers share the same towers though? It’s ridiculous that each carrier has their own towers to just carry their network or shared networks.
Jeff DeYarmon (6 months ago)
How about talking about the dangers of 5G and how they can be used as weapons to carry out there agenda or agenda 2020!! but i guess that might be against your agenda!
Meti (2 months ago)
+Landynplayz u the type of person who said cigaretts arent bad for us until enough evident came out 100 years later. Keep telling your self it aint bad until your grandkids are almost infertile and have all sort of health problems. Yes I am an electrical and electronic engineer btw. Wake up
Meti (2 months ago)
+Landynplayz mate
Landynplayz (2 months ago)
how about talking about the danger that's non existant?
Robert Brown (6 months ago)
What a douchebag! Telecomm shill!
Stephen Waterman (6 months ago)
Not as stunning as this dudes Hair... HAhahahah
Phillip Bonner (6 months ago)
Where I live in California AT&T is the worst signal we have Verizon and T-Mobile do well though

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