The two credit spread options trading strategies are very simple to understand and set up, but also extremely powerful.
Credit spreads are very popular options strategies among income-driven traders, as they have a high probability of profit, have limited loss potential, and are easy to manage.
In this video, we'll clearly explain what a credit spread is, how they are set up, and go through examples to show how they profit.
Credit spreads can be constructed with all call options or put options. When constructed with all calls, the strategy is a call credit spread (sometimes called a 'bear' call spread since it's a bearish strategy).
When constructed with all puts, the strategy is a put credit spread (sometimes called a 'bull put spread' since it's a bullish strategy).
In this video, we cover two examples using historical option data to show you exactly how these two strategies make money and lose money.
Lastly, we'll show you how to set up each strategy using the tastyworks trading platform.
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One of the best explanations I've seen. I'm a big fan of tastyworks but unfortunately they are not 'regulated' by the Monetary Authority of Singapore, yet. It'd be nice if you could show a version using the Thinkorswim platform (which is regulated in Singapore). Thanks.
You can close an option position whenever you want. The expiration doesn't change the trading 'rules' of the contract, it just means after that expiration date the option will no longer exist.
Here's a video I just did that talks about this topic: https://youtu.be/IG3tJrJYd2U
I hope this helps!
When trading credit spreads (selling call spreads or selling put spreads), it's common to place both strikes "out-of-the-money."
For call spreads, that means both strikes of the spread are above the stock price. For put spreads, that means both strikes of the spread are below the stock price.
The only time I trade spreads with one strike in-the-money and one strike out-of-the-money is if I'm buying a call spread or put spread (sometimes referred to as debit spreads).
Does this help? Please let me know if you need more clarification. Happy to help.
Project Option: Thank you for the video. In the last example where you're discussing selling a bear credit spread for $1.90 net credit, what happens if TSLA stock price is at $316.00 at expiration? I would assume then that the 320 call that was purchased would expire worthless, and the 315 call that was sold would expire ITM. At this point, wouldn't the seller of this spread be assigned 100 shares of TSLA stock at $315 dollars? In this case, would you need $31,500 to purchase the shares or risk getting margin called by your broker?
My concern here is the following: As long as one sells credit spreads and CLOSES the position (i.e. buys back the call that was sold initially, and sells the call that was purchased initially) PRIOR to the expiration date on the contracts, can one avoid assignment 100% of the time? I know that one can is at risk of "early assignment" when selling calls, which would cause problems with this strategy, and also means that in this case one would need $31,500 before selling this spread?
Thank you again for the insight and I am looking forward to starting to sell credit spreads once I have this point cleared up.
You're exactly right. If a trader sells the 315/320 call spread and TSLA is at $316 at expiration, the 320 call expires worthless and the 315 call is worth $1.
If held through expiration, the trader would get assigned on the short 315 calls, and effectively short 100 shares of TSLA stock at $315/share (per short call contract). Yes, you would have margin issues if your account was not large enough to handle the margin requirement. In that scenario, you'd have to close the position immediately, otherwise, your brokerage firm will close it for you.
You would not need $31,500 to sell this spread, and the risk of getting assigned early is very low. The most common scenario is if the short call is deep-in-the-money with very little extrinsic value and the stock was paying a dividend soon. Since TSLA does not pay dividends, early assignment should be very rare. Again, extrinsic value is the key metric to look at on your short in-the-money options. Lots of extrinsic value = virtually no risk of being assigned. Almost no extrinsic value = higher likelihood of assignment, but still low.
I am hoping this finds you. I am in need of guidance on a successful option. I don’t know if I should continue to hold or sell. My current AMD option Put Debit spread is $25-18. How do I know when I am capped on earnings and should sell early??? Do I sell when my bottom range $18 breaks even at $16.95??? It’s very near that now and I am panicking. Please please advice.
I think this strategy is great...you know the risk off top and you collect the premium when it expires worthless or maybe taking a little profit along the way.................I like it....selling puts is a no brainer.
What I don’t get is doesn’t the short put aspect still have value at the end since trading at 324$-? Anyone can answer,, and am I right in thinking that no one would assign you except by accident cause you would end up buying shares at 315 and could then turned around and sell for 324- but could be issue if you don’t have 31,500$?
With the stock trading at $324 at expiration, the 315 put has no value because put options give the buyer the right to sell 100 shares at the strike price. When the stock price is above the put strike, there's no value in the ability to sell shares at a lower price than the shares are currently trading. In this case, the put trader has two choices if they want to sell/short shares of stock: they can sell/short shares at the current market price of $324/share, or exercise the put option and sell/short shares at $315/share.
Of course, selling/shorting shares at $324 is more advantageous than selling/shorting shares at $315 per share, which is why the 315 puts are worthless at expiration--nobody would willingly sell shares at $315 when they can sell them for $324.
Since nobody would exercise a 315 put with the stock at $324, there's a 0% chance of being assigned on the 315 short puts when the stock price is at any price above the put's strike price of $315.
In regards to getting assigned, a trader would have margin issues if they were assigned on the 315 short put and did not have enough money to actually hold the position. Normal stock margin is 50%, which means the margin requirement is 50% of the notional value of shares. In the case of 100 shares at $315/share, that's $31,500 in notional value. 50% of $31,500 is $15,750. If the trader was assigned on the short 315 put and did not have $16,000+, they would have to close the stock position (or the brokerage will do it for them).
I hope this helps!
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